The Border Collie’s expression is intelligent and interested. The body is substantially muscular and facilitates graceful, fluid movement. The head is well proportioned, with a muzzle that tapers slightly toward the nose. Eyes are wide set, medium in size and oval shaped. Most commonly the Border Collie is black and white, but there are other colors, which include chocolate, red, and blue. The Border Collie weighs in at around 30-50 pounds and is around 17-20 inches in height.
The Border Collie is a very agile dog with plenty of stamina and determination. They are demanding, energetic, busy minded and busy outside and inside (even if they have just been exercised). The Border Collie is extremely sensitive and thrives on human interaction. They do not do well if left alone for extended periods of time and will suffer separation anxiety or become destructive. This is a well balanced dog with a good temperament and a good nature.
Borders are one of the smartest breeds hands down and learn very quickly. These dogs are so intelligent that they can actually manipulate you to do what they want you to do. Due to their extremely sensitive nature this breed must never be treated in a harsh or heavy-handed manner. They are exceedingly talented in herding, police work, competitive obedience, search and rescue, Frisbee trials, and Flyball. Border Collies are also used successfully as therapy dogs and guide dogs for the blind.
An ideal workout for your Border would be a rousing game of fetch with balls or a Frisbee, throw in some swimming, running along side you while you bike and hiking. The best exercise regimen for your Border Collie would be at least two 45 minute walks a day, no matter what the weather may be. They thrive on work, play, mental stimulation, and close contact with their owner and family.
The Border Collie may get on okay with older, more considerate children, but is probably not the best choice for those looking for a companion for their child or for those with smaller children. Border Collies have a reputation for not getting along well with small animals, though they are usually pretty good with dogs. This dog is protective of its family.
They are not recommended for apartment or city dwelling. They do best on a working farm or in a rural secluded setting where they are able to romp, run, and roam freely and safely. A fenced yard or enclosure is important to keep your Border Collie safe. Traffic is especially hazardous for this breed since the dogs tend to try to herd cars if not carefully trained to avoid them.
A good brushing about 2 - 3 times per week will keep the coat looking nice and tidy. You might want to do this more often during shedding season. Bathe or dry shampoo when necessary. Make certain to check for ticks during tick season and pay attention to the length of the toenails.
The life expectancy of the Border Collie is around 13-15 years. The Border Collie is susceptible to canine hip dysplasia, and on rare occasions may develop diseases such as progressive retinal atrophy, CEA, seizures, lens luxation, PDA, OCD and deafness.
The Border hails from the British Isles in the border country of England and Scotland. Border is a very old breed and appears in literature as far back as 1570. Bred for herding, this dog became hugely popular because of its high intelligence and high level of stamina. The Border Collie was registered with the AKC in 1995.